Visiting the Louvre museum is a must for anybody traveling to Paris, it is the biggest museum in the world, and the most visited as well. Although the most famous Louvre artwork is our one and only Mona Lisa, the museum houses amazing pieces, among them paintings and sculptures, with a heavy historical value that you definitely must see in the Louvre.
If you are able to, I would recommend you to visit the Louvre museum room by room, as maybe there is one piece that is not listed in this list of what to see at the Louvre that end up catching your attention, or sometimes they are more interesting for you than other famous Louvre masterpieces.
But if you have just a few hours to visit it, don’t worry, I just broke down a list of Louvre highlights for you, covering the most important Louvre artworks to see.
What to See at the Louvre Museum: 20 Must-See Artworks
- 1 What to See at the Louvre Museum: 20 Must-See Artworks
- 1.1 History of the Louvre Museum
- 1.2 Louvre Artworks Highlights
- 1.3 The Dying Slave and the Rebellious Slave
- 1.3.1 First floor/h3>
- 22.214.171.124 Virgin of the Rocks – Leonardo da Vinci (Room 5 – Denon wing)
- 126.96.36.199 Monalisa – Leonardo da Vinci (Room 6 -Denon wing)
- 188.8.131.52 Les Noces de Cana – By Paolo Veronese (Room 6- Denon wing)
- 184.108.40.206 The Coronation of Napoleon – Jacques-Louis David (Room 75 – Denon wing)
- 220.127.116.11 The Great Odalisque – Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres (Room 75 – Denon wing)
- 18.104.22.168 The Intervention of the Sabine Women – Jacques-Louis David (Room 75 – Denon wing)
- 22.214.171.124 The Young Martyr – Paul Delaroche (Room 76 -Denon Wing)
- 126.96.36.199 Liberty Leading the People – Eugène Delacroix (Room 77 – Denon wing)
- 188.8.131.52 The Seated Scribe (room 22 – Sully wing)
- 1.3.2 Second floor
- 1.4 Visiting the Louvre Museum
- 1.5 How to get to the Louvre Museum
- 1.6 Entrances and Ticket
- 1.7 Subscribe to Learn to Travel like a Pro
History of the Louvre Museum
The building that now houses the Louvre Museum was originally built as a fortress in the late 12th century under Philip II. In the 16th century, it was reconstructed to serve as a royal palace. The royal family used to live there until 1682 when Louis XIV decided to move to the Palace of Versailles.
During the time it was used as a royal palace, the Louvre Palace was extended much time before assuming the form we have today. It covers the total area of 652,300 square feet.
When Louis XIV finally moved the royal residence to the Palace of Versailles in 1682, Louvre became the house of many art academies.
When Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette were imprisoned during the French Revolution, they were moved to the Tuilleries Palace, a palace adjacent to the Louvre.
The building was turned into a museum in 1793 and now divided into eight curatorial departments. There are five floors to visit, so be prepared!
Louvre Artworks Highlights
Again, this is a huge museum, and if I were to recommend countless pieces to see, I would definitely write a very long post that you would be bored with reading. There are many famous paintings and sculptures, but seeing them all at once, may sound tiring and boring, I will not lie.
But for those that don’t have that much of time to visit everything, or that don’t want to get museum bored, I made this shortlist of Louvre masterpieces.
There are many famous paintings and sculptures, but seeing them all at once, may sound tiring and boring, I will not lie.
Feel free to add or remove, or personalize your list, and if you feel like giving us some tips, do share your favourite Louvre artworks in the comments!
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Law Code of Hammurabi (Room 3 – Richelieu wing)
A Babylonian law code carved in stone dated back to 1754 BC. The Law Code of Hammurabi is the longest Babylonian text to have survived and one of the oldest deciphered writings of significant length in the world. It is also considered the first written economic formula.
It is made up of 282 laws and includes its punishments as well. The laws were based on the Law of Talion, and include the phrase that made this historical piece famous: “eye for an eye, tooth for a tooth”.
Many of the laws written here are still in use nowadays such as fines for monetary wrongdoing, inheritance laws concerning how private property is taxed or divided.
Winged Human-Headed Bulls (Room 4 – Richelieu wing)
Ok, not so mainstream, but this is one of my favorite pieces in the museum. These huge bulls represent Lamassus an Assyrian god, they used to guard the entrance of temples and palaces in ancient Assyria as far back as 3000 BC.
The pair displayed her in Louvre guarded each gate to Sargon II’s Mesopotamian capital (today Khorsabad).
Salle Philippe Pot Tomb (Room 10 -Richelieu wing)
This tomb is so full of details! Take your time to look at the faces of the mourners. The realism in this statue is impressive and, the position of the mourners gives a sense of movement, looking like they are walking in the slow pace of a funeral procession.
At Phillippe Pot’s feet lays an animal, which accordingly to Louvre is supposed to be a lion, but accordingly, to me, it is a dog, you choose who you trust better.
Venus de Milo (Room 7 – Sully wing)
Possibly representing Aphrodite, Venus the Milo is one of the biggest representations of classical female beauty and considered one of the most important artworks in the Louvre.
It was discovered in the Island of Melos, hence the name, and its arms were already missing, various positions were already suggested but, especially the right hand is still a mystery. Some belief initially, the statue was adorned with metal jewellery.
The Dying Slave and the Rebellious Slave
It wouldn’t be fair if we didn’t put Michelangelo in this list! Michelangelo was famous for his fantastic realism in sculpting the human form and depicting emotions, and these two statues are good examples of it.
The two slaves were originally sculpted to be part of the tomb of Pope Julius II, who also requested Michelangelo to paint the frescoes in the Sistine Chapel.
The tomb of Pope Julius II was supposed to be the greatest monument built after the Egyptian pyramids, however, after many delays and cost cuts, the tomb ended up smaller than planned, and most of the artworks of Michelangelo were placed in other private collections. instead.
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Winged Victory (Staircase – Denon wing)
Considered one of the oldest and most influential marble statues in the world, The Winged Victory was discovered in 1863 on the island of Samothrace and is now considered one of Louvre’s top three most important pieces.
The meaning behind this statue is still a mystery and the author is unknown, however, some believe it was erected by a Macedonian general after a naval victory and represents the Goddess Nike.
The sense of motion in this statue is what impresses anyone, you don’t need any imagination to see, almost feel, the wind blowing her thin cloth while she stood in a strong forward motion.
Virgin of the Rocks – Leonardo da Vinci (Room 5 – Denon wing)
Those who read the Da Vinci Code will recognize this painting. There are two versions of it, this one in an exhibition in the Louvre, the other is in the National Gallery in London.
The Louvre version as the first one made by Leonardo, but it was not accepted by his client as the scene seemed a bit threatening. So the second one was made.
It is located close to the Monalisa, and next to others of his paintings but it is way less crowded so you can appreciate his art better.
Monalisa – Leonardo da Vinci (Room 6 -Denon wing)
We can pretty much say that this is the most famous painting in the world. Monalisa is located in Room 6. The whole mystery behind that eyebrowless face makes it worth a visit, but be prepared, its room is always crowded and the painting isn’t any big, so you will need to sneak between the Chinese to get a nice pic.
Mona Lisa caught everybody’s attention after being stolen from the Louvre in 1911 and went missing for two years. During this time even the French poet Apollinaire and Picasso were suspects before Vincenzo Peruggia was finally caught.
It is reported that Da Vinci liked this painting so much that he used to carry it with him during his travels, bringing it even to Château d’Amboise after being hired by François I in 1516, where he died three years later.
Although this may not be the most beautiful painting in Louvre, it prints by a rare combination of technical mastery, and for being one of the few Da Vinci’s paintings that have survived.
Les Noces de Cana – By Paolo Veronese (Room 6- Denon wing)
This is the biggest painting displayed in the Louvre museum. The painting was stolen by Napoleon and brought to Paris. Represents a nuptial banquet described in the Gospel of John.
The Coronation of Napoleon – Jacques-Louis David (Room 75 – Denon wing)
Painted in 1807, as the name says, the painting represents the moment of the coronation of Napoleon. Its size, as well as the details, are very impressive, it has 10 meters wide and 6 height, this is one of the biggest paintings in the Louvre.
The painting was commissioned by Napoleon himself, so maybe it explains the extravagant size.
What calls attention is that it is so well done that you can almost feel the different fabrics the people in the painting were supposed to be wearing.
The Great Odalisque – Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres (Room 75 – Denon wing)
Made for Napoleon’s sister, Queen Caroline Murat, this is probably the most criticized naked woman you will ever find in any museum, this criticism is given by the distortion of anatomical proportions present in this painting.
During the Romantic Era, when the Orientalism was a trend, young ladies, often naked, dancing or laying in Sultans’s beds were often painted as a symbol of exotism and erotism.
Painting women looking over their shoulders also seemed to be a trend back then and this same pose can be seen in different paintings and statues of that time.
In this painting, however, the author decided to elongate the back of the lady, adding an extra vertebra, as he thought it would increase her sensuality.
The Intervention of the Sabine Women – Jacques-Louis David (Room 75 – Denon wing)
The painting represents a legendary incident that happened in the early history of Rome, shortly after the foundation of the city, according to Roman mythology, where there were many men, but only few women.
The Roman men, led by the city’s founder, Romulus, decided to mass abducted young women from a nearby city, in order to turn them into their wives, after a negotiation with the Sabine tribesmen went unsuccessful.
The painting shows the moment the Sabine women interposing themselves to separate the Romans and Sabines soldiers, as to separate the fight between their fathers and husbands.
The question though is, why the hell the soldiers are naked in the middle of a battle? We will never know.
The Young Martyr – Paul Delaroche (Room 76 -Denon Wing)
One of my favourite painting in the Louvre, it pictures a martyred woman in the Tiber river.
It is a very dramatic painting, yet all the movement of the body in the water (clothes and hair) makes it look so peaceful.
Liberty Leading the People – Eugène Delacroix (Room 77 – Denon wing)
The painting is a commemoration for the July Revolution of 1830.
The woman in the picture, known as Marianne (the personification of Liberty) is a national figure and represents the triumph of the French Republic over the monarchy. In this painting, Marianne champions the Tri-colored French flag (symbolizing Liberty, Equality & Fraternity).
The Seated Scribe (room 22 – Sully wing)
We all know that Egyptians had a really remarkable art style, paintings of a human being in a side position are easy to find, but 3D sculptures are not, they are few and this is a chance to see one.
The sculpture is very well done, its eyes are made of a kind of glass which, gives a sense of depth, very impressive for the period of time the statue was made. Unfortunately, nobody knows who the man pictured in this statue was.
Gabrielle d ‘Estrés and One of Her Sisters – Unknown Author (Room 10 – Richelieu wing)
Aaah the painting of a woman grabbing the nipple of her sister, pure art.
Currently, this awkward position is supposed to symbolize the fact that Gabrielle d’Estrées, who had an affair with the king, was pregnant, On her left hand, she is discreetly holding a ring that was present from the king to her.
The Lacemaker – Johannes Vermeer (Room 36 – Richelieu wing)
That’s what I call a hard worker, she is sitting there doing her job for over 300 years. What calls attention here is the intimacy of this painting, the woman pictured looks so concentrated in her work that she doesn’t seem to notice the spectators. It is not a big painting so you need to come close to be able to appreciate the details.
Visiting the Louvre Museum
The Louvre Museum is the biggest museum in the world. It houses more than 380,000 objects and displays 35,000 works of art. Now imagine visiting the Louvre museum completely, you would probably need two days to see it all!
You will definitely not be able to visit it fully if you have just 3 days in Paris, and I do not recommend doing so as you will do it in a rush and you will not be able to appreciate the artworks in Louvre.
But if you don’t have much time or patience to visit museums, you better check out this list of must-see artworks in Louvre, to make sure you won’t forget any of them and will be able to plan your days to make the most of your time there.
How to get to the Louvre Museum
Louvre Museum is located in the 1st arrondissement, the very central area of Paris and can be easily accessed by bus or metro. The closest metro stations are Louvre Rivoli and Palais Royal Musée du Louvre, both are on Line 1 (yellow line).
You can take a look at the metro map of Paris here.
If you prefer the bus, there are many lines that pass nearby: 21, 24, 27, 39, 48, 68, 69, 72, 81 e 95. All of them leave you right in front of the building.
But if you get the Hop On Hop Off bus ticket here, it stops in front of the Louvre Museum, as well as in front of the main attractions in Paris, it is a good option is you are visiting other touristy posts in the capital.
Entrances and Ticket
There are a total of six entrances to the Louvre Museum, however, the main entrance is located in the famous Pyramid, and the line to get in can be pretty long especially in high seasons, like during the Summer, so try to get the earliest you can. The best to do is to arrive before the museum opens, so you are one of the first ones to get inside.
If you decided to go by the metro, you can go to the entrance inside the Carroussel du Louvre, which is a small underground mall. It will take you to the main hall of the Louvre Museum.
The ticket to visit the Louvre Museum costs 17 euros and you can buy it here. There is a small tax of +3 euros included that guarantees your date and time for visitation so that you don’t lose time waiting in any line. You can also buy the ticket and rent an audio guide here to help you learn more about the masterpieces.
Now, if you prefer a guided tour to the Louvre, which I highly recommend, you can book your guided tour here. This is a great option because you can learn directly from a professional plus ask questions along the way!
You may be wondering if it is possible to buy a ticket on the spot, instead of over the internet. Yes, it is also possible, if you prefer. However, the problem is that to buy the ticket in the Louvre, you have to get in line, and the Louvre queues are usually kilometres long! So it’s not really worth it, especially in high season, to buy the ticket for the attractions right away.
The advantage of buying the tickets I mentioned above is that with any of them in hand, you already save hours standing in line at the entrance, which gives you more time to enjoy the visit and your trip.
It is also worth remembering that for those who have the Paris City Pass, the tourist passport of Paris, the entrance to the Louvre Museum is already guaranteed.
If you plan to visit several tourist spots in Paris, I highly recommend this pass, as it guarantees entry to more than 60 museums and attractions, including the Louvre, Musée du Orsay, Versailles palace, among others. Learn more about the Paris City Pass here.
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